Other legislation exists which shares the characteristics and practices of civil contingencies legislation, notably:
- Control of Major Accident Hazards Regulations 2015 (COMAH)
- Pipelines Safety Regulations 1996 (PSR)
- Radiation (Emergency Preparedness and Public Information) Regulations 2001 (REPPIR).
Duties imposed by the Act or the Regulations need not be performed in relation to an emergency within the meaning of the above legislation (Regulation 9). However, whilst there are specific legislative demands posed by COMAH, PSR and REPPIR, there is much within civil contingencies activity which will be relevant to this other legislation.
Preparation, response and recovery processes developed by responders in the context of the Act and the Regulations will, in large part, be applicable to the demands of COMAH, PSR and REPPIR and the potential hazards associated with this legislation. There is no requirement to duplicate planning and preparation required by both sets of legislation.
Key UK Government Guidance
The Scottish Government has kept the RPA process in line with UK Government guidance as much as possible. This is to make use of the considerable information and expertise that goes into developing the UK Government documents and to avoid confusion when speaking to UK counterparts. The key UK documents are:
- The UK National Risk Assessment (NRA) – is the UK Government’s assessment of the likelihood and potential impact of the most significant civil emergencies that the UK could face over the next 5 years and is published every 2 years. The NRA includes scenarios which experts agree represent the ‘reasonable worst case scenario’ has been developed for each potential risk. These are events which could result in significant harm to human welfare: casualties, damage to property, essential services, security, environment and disruption to everyday life. The NRA provides a prioritisation of the most significant emergencies that could affect the UK to inform decision making and contingency planning and capability building at a national and local level.
- The UK National Risk Register of Civil Emergencies (NRR) – is the public version of the NRA. It is a useful, easily accessible summary of the key risks but does not go into the same level of detail as the NRA which is an official sensitive document.
- The Local Risk Management Guidance (LRMG) which includes information about Planning Assumptions.
- UK National Risk Guidance is available on ResilienceDirect, where you will find:
- The National Risk Assessment (NRA) 2016
- The NRA Detailed Risk Assessment Part 1 (Hazards) 2016
- The Local Risk Management Guidance (LRMG) 2016
- NRA Methodology and Production 2016