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Annexes

Annexes

ANNEX 1

Insurance for Community Resilience Groups

Having a Community Emergency Plan means that your community will be a safer, more supportive place to live, and has the potential to result in reduced insurance claims. Community resilience activities are very low risk and should definitely not put volunteers or the public in any danger. So, you should not see insurance or liability issues as barriers to preparing your community for emergencies. Depending on what your group wants to do, you should check that your group has the cover it needs in order to do the things it want to with confidence. 

Think about the following types of insurance and check your cover: 

  • Third party liability cover – check that your group’s third party liability cover includes the things you want to do.
  • Motor insurance – drivers must make sure they are covered for the proposed use.
  • Professional indemnity insurance – if volunteers use their professional skills by providing specialist advice (e.g. on suitable flood defences for a community), they should ensure they are covered.  

If you have existing insurance, and are in any doubt, you should always contact your insurer. 

THIRD PARTY LIABILITY INSURANCE

This insurance covers injury to people who are not employed by you and damage to property not owned by you. This covers the organisers of activities, and would protect the organisers of activities if they were held to be to blame or sued. You can buy different levels of cover, from £1m up to £10m or even higher. Don’t worry – this seems a lot but costs are relatively low.

For every-day activities that you might do to help your neighbours, in a personal capacity, your ordinary household buildings or contents insurance will generally provide personal liability cover. You will need to take reasonable care, and should not take unnecessary risks. 

If you are part of an existing community group, you will probably have third party liability insurance, and you can check with your insurer that the types of activities you want to do will be covered by your policy.

Some communities have made arrangements with their Local Authority to enable actions taken as part of their community emergency plan to be covered under the local authority’s third party liability insurance. You may want to discuss this possibility with your local authority.


Zurich Municipal Insurance covers many community councils in Scotland, although not all. You must check if your Community Council is covered by this company.

For Community Councils which have existing third party liability cover by Zurich Municipal insurance, it has been agreed that community resilience activities that don’t involve mechanized equipment will be covered under existing policies where:
 

  • They or their Local Authority have notified Zurich Municipal of the fact that  they have a community emergency plan in place; and
  • The community emergency plan or the relevant parts of the community emergency plan have been developed with the support and advice of  the Local Authority (and its Partners); and
  • The community council have existing third party liability cover with Zurich Municipal.
     

It is important that groups remain flexible, to be able to respond to a range of different scenarios that may face them. In general, they will be covered for all non-mechanised community resilience activities. These could include, but would not be limited to:

  • Clearing snow from paths, drives and minor roads
  • Checking on the welfare of local people
  • Giving lifts and helping with shopping
  • Filling sandbags
  • Assisting in searches for missing people in the area
     

And, where previously agreed with their local authority and where appropriate training has been provided:

  • Opening community facilities such as village halls to provide places of refuge for people in the community
  • Deployment and placement of Property Level Protection (PLP) during  Flooding e.g. Flood Gates
  • By specific agreement with the relevant authorities, erection of temporary  emergency signage to protect the general public during an emergency.
     

In some circumstances, groups may want to use mechanised equipment such as chainsaws or mechanical earthmovers. Higher risk activities such as these, or working at heights, would not be included under existing Zurich Municipal polices. If this is the case, it is important that groups, or the individuals concerned,  either arrange separate insurance cover, or contact Zurich Municipal to check whether this would be insured under existing covers, or whether it would be possible to arrange it for an additional charge.


MOTOR INSURANCE

Motor insurers recognise that policyholders who want to help their communities through volunteer driving need clear and accurate information. Drivers should check that their insurance covers them for what they want to do, for example: helping people with their shopping, or giving people lifts.  

Information on which insurers cover volunteers using their vehicles can be found on the ABI website at (correct at October 2019): https://www.abi.org.uk/products-and-issues/choosing-the-right-insurance/motor-insurance/volunteer-drivers/

PROFESSIONAL INDEMNITY INSURANCE

This is insurance which covers negligent work done or advice given by you or your organisation.  

If, as part of a community resilience group, a volunteer does something that relates to their profession, for example if an engineer provides advice of the construction of flood defences, they should ensure that their professional indemnity insurance covers this activity. 

MORE INFORMATION ON INSURANCE CAN BE FOUND AT: 

https://www.abi.org.uk/

https://www.volunteerscotland.net/media/242029/Insurance%20for%20Volunteers.pdf

https://scvo.org.uk/running-your-organisation/finance-business-management/insurance

 

ANNEX 2

Health and Safety for Community Resilience Groups

Health and safety is aimed at protecting employees and other people who may be affected by work activities. It should not be seen as a barrier to anyone getting involved in helping their community cope better in an emergency. In fact, being aware of it can give you confidence that you are taking action in the best and safest way for yourself, volunteers and the people you are helping.

Health and safety law is sometimes wrongly blamed for preventing organisations from taking action, but by taking a sensible, proportionate approach, community resilience groups can make sure things go smoothly and safely, avoid unnecessary paperwork, and go about their business without putting themselves or others in danger.

Who does health and safety law apply to?

Health and safety law applies to employers. Most community resilience groups will therefore not have responsibilities under health and safety law (unless they have at least one employee), but they do have a legal responsibility to take reasonable care towards volunteers and the wider public. Employers and self-employed people are responsible for managing health and safety in their business and for taking the right precautions to reduce the risks of workplace dangers and to provide a safe working environment.

If yours is the kind of group that is motivated to do something to help your community in an emergency, you will want to make sure that the volunteers who are working with you do so safely. Taking account of the following advice will help you do so.

Understanding risks and taking sensible actions to keep safe

Community Resilience groups should never do anything that would put themselves or anyone else in any danger. They help their communities by carrying out every-day activities like fetching shopping, checking on neighbours and clearing ice and snow from paths. However, in an emergency, conditions can be challenging, so it is worth thinking about the health and safety of everyone involved at all stages of emergency planning.

 

  1. At the planning stage - When making your community emergency plan, or planning other activities you should consider: who might be harmed and how; and what measures you should take to reduce risk. For example, if your group plans to clear ice and snow, you should make sure all volunteers have appropriate footwear and clothing.
  2. When you activate your plans - When deciding how to respond to a specific emergency, you should think about the specific risks that volunteers will need to be aware of. For example, if you receive a flood warning, what areas should volunteers avoid.
  3. During an emergency - Volunteers should be alert at all times during an emergency to risks that face them as they happen, and ensure that they do nothing that would put themselves or anyone else in any danger. For example, if volunteers are clearing snow, they should avoid areas under hanging icicles, or roofs with a heavy load of snow which might slide.
  4. After an emergency - You should get together and discuss what was successful about your group’s work during the emergency, and what lessons you can learn to help plan for future work for your group. For example a group member may have highlighted how future work could be undertaken more safely.

 

More information on Health and Safety can be found at:

http://www.hse.gov.uk

http://www.rospa.com

https://scvo.org.uk/support

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